Immagine dell'autore.

Thucydides

Autore di La guerra del Peloponneso

207+ opere 12,812 membri 109 recensioni 36 preferito
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Sull'Autore

Born into a family of Athens's old nobility claiming descent from the Homeric hero Ajax of Salamis, Thucydides pursued a political career under Pericles and served as a general in the Great Peloponnesian War of 431--404 b.c. His subsequent exile for failure to prevent a Spartan takeover of an mostra altro Athenian colony in Thrace enabled him to observe the war from both sides. In his history of the war, he examines the policies and motives of the people involved with a calculated rationality that nevertheless conveys great passion. Although his narrative style is lucid and astringent, the language of the speeches that he gives his protagonists is some of the most difficult, yet rhetorically powerful, Greek from any period of antiquity. The work is deeply serious in tone. As Thucydides tells his readers at the beginning of the work, it contains nothing of entertainment value. He meant it, as he says, to be not simply a set-piece written for the delectation of an audience, but a "possession for ever." As Herodotus was the inventor of universal history, Thucydides was the inventor of the analytical historical monograph. He wrote in conscious contrast to Herodotus, whose work is full of entertaining fable and romance. While Herodotus wrote about the past by using all manner of traditions gleaned in his travels, Thucydides considered only contemporary history to be reliable and writes as an interrogator and witness of contemporary men and events. The gods, too, are absent from Thucydides's work, which scrutinizes human motivations as the exclusive business of history. The most powerful intellectual influences visible are the fully rational method of description and prognosis developed by the Hippocratic physicians and the tools of logical analysis and verbal argument then being forged by the Sophists. Behind these, however, lay a sense of tragedy. The history of Thucydides possesses the rhythm of a Sophoclean drama of reversal of fortune in which Athens falls from the pinnacle of imperial success and brilliance into political corruption, ruthless and amoral imperial aggression, and finally utter defeat and disaster. Athens's imperial hubris leads to its nemesis at the hands of Sparta, a conservative and landlocked state that had been powerless at the beginning of the war to inflict significant harm on the Athenians. Thucydides's work is unfinished. It ends abruptly in midsentence during a discussion of the events of the year 411 b.c. It was continued to the end of the war by Xenophon. Although very much the intellectual inferior of Thucydides, Xenophon managed by imitation to infuse this part of his Hellenica (his continuation to 362 b.c. of the history of Thucydides) with an elevation absent in the rest of his work. Until relatively recently, scholars took Thucydides at his word as an objective writer. More recently it has been recognized that his work skillfully promotes a patriotic and political argument, written in the climate of postwar recriminations. He presents Athens's empire as a natural consequence of the position of that city-state in the Greek world and the Athenian leader Pericles as Athens's greatest statesman, a leader who had governed Athens and preserved the empire with a firm and intelligent hand. Thucydides wanted to persuade his readers that Pericles was not the villain who destroyed Athens, that the blame fell to the politicians who came after him and pandered to the most extreme ambitious of the common citizens, the politicians who were the ultimate arbiters of policy in Athens's democracy. Some modern historians remain persuaded by Thucydides's portrait of Pericles and the Athenian democracy, but others argue from Thucydides's own testimony that Pericles led Athens into an unnecessary war in the belief that the opportunity had arrived to advance Athenian domination over the whole of the Greek world. (Bowker Author Biography) mostra meno
Fonte dell'immagine: Bust of Thucydides, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto

Serie

Opere di Thucydides

La guerra del Peloponneso (0400) 7,910 copie
Thucydidis Historiae; (1942) 266 copie
Thucydides, Book 7 (1886) 78 copie
Thucydides, Book 2 (1989) 76 copie
Thucydides, Book 6 (1971) 53 copie
Thucydides, Book 1 (1905) 39 copie
Erodoto e Tucidide (1964) 33 copie
Pericles Orations (1979) 23 copie
Thucydides Reader (2005) 21 copie
Thucydides, Book 3 (1909) 19 copie
Thucydides, Book 4 (1982) 16 copie
Thukydides (1977) 5 copie
Stories from Thucydides (2021) 3 copie
Thucydides : Book II (1985) 2 copie
THUCYDIDES. (1881) 2 copie
La Peste ad Atene (2020) 1 copia
Thukydides in Auswahl (1950) 1 copia
Economico 1 copia
Thukydides V 1 copia
Thukydides IV 1 copia
Thukydides II 1 copia
Thoukydidēs 1 copia
THUCYDIDES. 1 copia

Opere correlate

The Portable Greek Historians (1959) — Collaboratore — 555 copie
The Penguin Book of War (1999) — Collaboratore — 452 copie
Britannica Great Books: Herodotus and Thucydides (1952) — Collaboratore — 351 copie
The Columbia Anthology of Gay Literature (1998) — Collaboratore — 159 copie
Greek Civilization and Character (1924) — Collaboratore — 150 copie
The Mammoth Book of True War Stories (1992) — Collaboratore — 87 copie
The Book of the Sea (1954) — Collaboratore — 36 copie
Modern School Classics : Four Greek authors (1968) — Collaboratore — 12 copie
The Athenian Half-Century 478-431 BC Thucydides I 89-118 (1971)alcune edizioni10 copie
Selections from Greek Historians (1878) — Collaboratore — 10 copie
Griekse geschiedschrijvers (1951) — Collaboratore — 6 copie

Etichette

Informazioni generali

Nome canonico
Tucídides
Nome legale
Θουκυδίδης Ολόρου Αθηναίος (Ancient Greek)
Altri nomi
Tucidide
Data di nascita
0460 BCE (circa)
Data di morte
0395 BCE (circa)
Sesso
male
Nazionalità
Athens
Nazione (per mappa)
Greece
Luogo di nascita
Athens, Greece
Luogo di morte
Athens, Greece
Luogo di residenza
Athens, Greece
Thrace
Attività lavorative
general
historian

Utenti

Discussioni

OT for GMacAree in Fine Press Forum (Novembre 2023)
New LE: Thucydides The Peloponnesian War in Folio Society Devotees (Luglio 2023)
Thucydides in Ancient History (Dicembre 2021)
Group read - Thucydides' The Peloponnesian War in The 11 in 11 Category Challenge (Dicembre 2010)
Translating Thucydides in Ancient History (Novembre 2010)
Herodotus vs. Thucydides in Ancient History (Marzo 2007)

Recensioni

Saggio di letteratura classica con testo greco a fronte
 
Segnalato
bibliotecaristofane | 58 altre recensioni | Nov 10, 2015 |
Saggio di letteratura classica con testo greco a fronte
 
Segnalato
bibliotecaristofane | 4 altre recensioni | Nov 10, 2015 |
Saggio della letteratura classica con testo greco a fronte.
 
Segnalato
bibliotecaristofane | 4 altre recensioni | Nov 10, 2015 |

Liste

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Statistiche

Opere
207
Opere correlate
11
Utenti
12,812
Popolarità
#1,831
Voto
4.0
Recensioni
109
ISBN
387
Lingue
21
Preferito da
36

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