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Il potere del mito: intervista di Bill Moyers (1988)

di Joseph Campbell, Bill Moyers

Altri autori: Betty Sue Flowers (A cura di), David Grubin (Prefazione)

Altri autori: Vedi la sezione altri autori.

Serie: Power of Myth (companion book)

UtentiRecensioniPopolaritàMedia votiCitazioni
6,932631,069 (4.17)65
Bill Moyers and Joseph Campbell discuss the themes and roots of human myth which is seen as man's attempt to relate himself to the universe. Starting with various topics Campbell shows both how man creates his universe and is controlled by the myth he has created.
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» Vedi le 65 citazioni

Livro emprestado pela biblioteca da fábrica de cultura Cidade Tiradentes em 15/09/21 ( )
  ViniciusLelli | Sep 15, 2021 |
This first volume is almost a summary of the Hero With 1000 Faces. Worth a listen. ( )
  jamestomasino | Sep 11, 2021 |
I can honestly and confidently say that I LOVE Joseph Campbell’s work. He is such an interesting person, and I feel like I have learned a lot about mythology on the whole from him and his work. I makes me sad that I won’t be able to meet him and have a conversation with him, but this interview (and the televised version that I have access to via Netflix) will have to do. ( )
  historybookreads | Jul 26, 2021 |
A good overview of the collected works of Joseph Campbell. If you are interested in comparative mythology and comparative religion, this old interview with Bill Moyers distills much of his work into small, high quality, manageable chunks. ( )
  multiplexer | Jun 20, 2021 |
A fundamental question "The Power of Myth" doesn't confront is the existence of a creator. Campbell doesn't seem to think so. His take is that people come up with their own meanings, create stories to relay them to the group and use these stories to define themselves. Instead, I don't think humans are the pinnacle of knowledge but that our inner spirits have an inborn knowledge of a Creator who has communicated with earthlings throughout our history and we use those teachings to try to understand ourselves and our purpose. In my estimation, Campbell skips over this and seems to imagine myths as a brilliant human invention that's used to keep us in our separate tribes of meaning. He sees myths as the creators rather than the creation of religions and talks about Christian myth, for example, as not based in other-worldly teachings but rather as a result of some tribes' desires. In short, the "hero's journey" is good to know about, but I think it has deeper meaning than what he ascribes to it. He thinks that society has lost its glue because we aren't learning our common myths rather than we aren't learning the true purpose of the one common faith of humankind that teaches us, among other virtues, to do unto others and love each other.
( )
  dcvance | May 4, 2021 |
Theology and myth are stepsisters of truth. The one probes with questions, the other spins out tales on gossamer threads. But both serve a common mystery.

I was reminded of this recently in reading Joseph Campbell and Bill Moyer's conversation on The Power of Myth. This wonderful book is filled with pictures of Tibetan and Native American art, photographs of aboriginal initiation rites and drawings by William Blake. Adapted from a six-part television series filmed at George Lucas's Skywalker Ranch shortly before Campbell's death, the book moves from the tales of ancient Greece and India to the latest episodes of Rambo and Star Wars. Here the power of story still lives. As Campbell once said, "The latest incarnation of Oedipus, the continued romance of Beauty and the Beast, stands this afternoon on the corner of Forty-second Street and Fifth Avenue, waiting for the traffic light to change."
 

» Aggiungi altri autori (1 potenziale)

Nome dell'autoreRuoloTipo di autoreOpera?Stato
Campbell, Josephautore primariotutte le edizioniconfermato
Moyers, Billautore principaletutte le edizioniconfermato
Flowers, Betty SueA cura diautore secondariotutte le edizioniconfermato
Grubin, DavidPrefazioneautore secondariotutte le edizioniconfermato
Cathy SaksaProgetto della copertinaautore secondarioalcune edizioniconfermato
Grieco, Agneseautore secondarioalcune edizioniconfermato
Hille, FransTraduttoreautore secondarioalcune edizioniconfermato
Larsson, Lars Göranautore secondarioalcune edizioniconfermato
Lingiardi, Vittorioautore secondarioalcune edizioniconfermato
Tatge, Catherineautore secondarioalcune edizioniconfermato
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MOYERS: Why myths?
EDITOR'S NOTE
 
This conversation between Bill Moyers and Joseph Campbell took place in 1985 and 1986 at George Lucas's SKywalker Ranch and later at the Museum of Natural History in New York.
INTRODUCTION (by Bill Moyers)
 
For weeks after Joseph Campbell died, I was reminded of him just about everywhere I turned.
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MOYERS: What happens when a society no longer embraces a powerful mythology?

CAMPBELL: What we’ve got on our hands. If you want to find out what it means to have a society without any rituals, read the New York Times.

MOYERS: And you’d find?

CAMPBELL: The news of the day, including destructive and violent acts by young people who don’t know how to behave in a civilized society.

MOYERS: Society has provided them no rituals by which they become members of the tribe, of the community. All children need to be twice born, to learn to function rationally in the present world, leaving childhood behind. I think of that passage in the first book of Corinthians: “When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things.”

CAMPBELL: That’s exactly it. That’s the significance of the puberty rites. In primal societies, there are teeth knocked out, there are scarifications, there are circumcisions, there are all kinds of things done. So you don’t have your little baby body anymore, you’re something else entirely.
      When I was a kid, we wore short trousers, you know, knee pants. And then there was a great moment when you put on long pants. Boys now don’t get that. I see even five-year-olds walking around with long trousers. When are they going to know that they’re now men and must put aside childish things?

MOYERS: Where do the kids growing up in the city—on 125th and Broadway, for example—where do these kids get their myths today?

CAMPBELL: They make them up themselves. This is why we have graffiti all over the city. These kids have their own gangs and their own initiations and their own morality, and they’re doing the best they can. But they’re dangerous because their own laws are not those of the city. They have not been initiated into our society.
MOYERS: Well, I have often wondered, what would a member of a hunting tribe on the North American plains think, gazing up on Michelangelo’s creation!

CAMPBELL: That is certainly not the god of other traditions. In the other mythologies, one puts oneself in accord with the world, with the mixture of good and evil. But in the religious system of the Near East, you identify with the good and fight against the evil. The biblical traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all speak with derogation of the so-called nature religions.

      The shift from a nature religion to a sociological religion makes it difficult for us to link back to nature. But actually all of those cultural symbols are perfectly susceptible to interpretation in terms of the psychological and cosmological systems, if you choose to look at them that way.

      Every religion is true one way or another. It is true when understood metaphorically. But when it gets stuck to its own metaphors, interpreting them as facts, then you are in trouble.

MOYERS: What is the metaphor?

CAMPBELL: A metaphor is an image that suggests something else. For instance, if I say to a person, “You are a nut,” I’m not suggesting that I think the person is literally a nut. “Nut” is a metaphor. The reference of the metaphor in religious traditions is to something transcendent that is not literally any thing. If you think that the metaphor is itself the reference, it would be like going to a restaurant, asking for the menu, seeing beefsteak written there, and starting to eat the menu.

      For example, Jesus ascended to heaven. The denotation would seem to be that somebody ascended to the sky. That’s literally what is being said. But if that were really the meaning of the message, then we have to throw it away, because there would have been no such place for Jesus literally to go. We know that Jesus could not have ascended to heaven because there is no physical heaven anywhere in the universe. Even ascending at the speed of light, Jesus would still be in the galaxy. Astronomy and physics have simply eliminated that as a literal, physical possibility. But if you read “Jesus ascended to heaven” in terms of its metaphoric connotation, you see that he has gone inward—not into outer space but into inward space, to the place from which all being comes, into the consciousness that is the source of all things, the kingdom of heaven within. The images are outward, bur their reflection is inward. The point is that we should ascend with him by going inward. It is a metaphor of returning to the source, alpha and omega, of leaving the fixation on the body behind and going to the body’s dynamic source.

MOYERS: Aren’t you undermining one of the great traditional doctrines of the classic Christian faith—that the burial and the resurrection of Jesus prefigures our own?

CAMPBELL : That would be a mistake in the reading of the symbol. That is reading the words in terms of prose instead of in terms of poetry, reading the metaphor in terms of the denoration instead of the connotation.
MOYERS: In classic Christian doctrine the material world is to be despised, and life is to be redeemed in the hereafter, in heaven, where our rewards come. But you say that if you affirm that which you deplore, you are affirming the very world which is our eternity at the moment.

CAMPBELL: Yes, that is what I’m saying. Eternity isn’t some later time. Eternity isn’t even a long time. Eternity has nothing to do with time. Eternity is that dimension of here and now that all thinking in temporal terms cuts off. And if you don’t get it here, you won’t get it anywhere. The problem with heaven is that you will be having such a good time there, you won’t even think of eternity. You’ll just have this unending delight in the beatific vision of God. But the experience of eternity right here and now, in all things, whether thought of as good or as evil, is the function of life.

MOYERS: This is it.

CAMPBELL: This is it.
Fairy tales are for children. Very often they’re about a little girl who doesn’t want to grow up to be a woman. At the crisis of that threshold crossing she’s balking. So she goes to sleep until the prince comes through all the barriers and gives her a reason to think it might be nice on the other side after all. Many of the Grimm tales represent the little girl who is stuck. All of these dragon killings and threshold crossings have to do with getting past being stuck.
      The rituals of primitive initiation ceremonies are all mythologically grounded and have to do with killing the infantile ego and bringing forth an adult, whether it's the girl or the boy. It’s harder for the boy than for the girl, because life overtakes the girl. She becomes a woman whether she intends it or not, but the little boy has to intend to be a man. At the first menstruation, the girl is a woman. The next thing she knows, she’s pregnant, she’s a mother. The boy first has to disengage himself from his mother, get his energy into himself, and then start forth. That’s what the myth of “Young man, go find your father” is all about. In the Odyssey, Telemachus lives with his mother. When he’s twenty years old, Athena comes and says, “Go find your father.” That is the theme all through the stories. Sometimes it’s a mystical father, but sometimes, as here in the Odyssey, it’s the physical father.
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Bill Moyers and Joseph Campbell discuss the themes and roots of human myth which is seen as man's attempt to relate himself to the universe. Starting with various topics Campbell shows both how man creates his universe and is controlled by the myth he has created.

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