Immagine dell'autore.

Edmund Wilson (1895–1972)

Autore di Stazione Finlandia

93+ opere 7,911 membri 73 recensioni 17 preferito


Wilson roamed the world and read widely in many languages. He was a journalist for leading literary periodicals: Vanity Fair, where he was briefly managing editor; The New Republic, where he was associate editor for five years; and the New Yorker, where he was book reviewer in the 1940s. These mostra altro varied experiences were typical of Wilson's range of interests and ability. Eternally productive and endlessly readable, he conquered American literature in countless essays. If he is idiosyncratic and lacks a rigid mold, that probably contributes to his success as a literary critic, since he was not committed to interpretation in the straitjacket of some popular approach or dogma. His critical position suits his cosmopolitan background---historical and sociological considerations prevail. He went through a brief Marxist period and experimented with Freudian criticism. Axel's Castle (1931), a penetrating analysis of the symbolist writer, has exerted a great influence on contemporary literary criticism. Its dedication, to Christian Gauss of Princeton, reads:"It was principally from you that I acquired.. .my idea of what literary criticism ought to be---a history of man's ideas and imaginings in the setting of the conditions which have shaped them."His volume of satiric short stories, Memoirs of Hecate County (1946), with its frankly erotic passages, was the subject of court cases in a less tolerant decade than the present one. It was Wilson's own favorite among his writings, but he complained that those individuals who like his other work tend to disregard it. (Bowker Author Biography) mostra meno
Fonte dell'immagine: Courtesy of the NYPL Digital Gallery (image use requires permission from the New York Public Library)


Opere di Edmund Wilson

Stazione Finlandia (1940) 1,294 copie
The Crack-Up (1945) — A cura di — 909 copie
The American Earthquake (1958) 139 copie
Dovuto agli Irochesi (1959) 128 copie
I Thought of Daisy (1929) 109 copie
Il pensiero multiplo (1938) 89 copie
Europe Without Baedeker (1966) 74 copie
Il cronista letterario (1952) 45 copie
Eight essays (1954) 32 copie
Night Thoughts (1961) 24 copie
The Higher Jazz (1998) 24 copie
The Intent of the Critic (1941) — Collaboratore; Collaboratore — 15 copie
Five Plays (1954) 12 copie
The fruits of the MLA (1963) 8 copie
The Collected Essays of John Peale Bishop (1948) — Introduzione; A cura di — 6 copie
The Undertaker's Garland (1922) 6 copie
Galahad (1971) 4 copie
Note Books of Night (1942) 4 copie
The surprise of excellence: modern essays on Max Beerbohm (1974) — Collaboratore — 3 copie
Obra selecta (2008) 2 copie
A Book of Princeton Verse, Volume I — Collaboratore — 2 copie
Who Killed Carlo Tresca? (1983) 2 copie
Szkice 1 copia
Ivan Turgheniev (1960) 1 copia

Opere correlate

Gli ultimi fuochi (1941) — Prefazione, alcune edizioni; A cura di, alcune edizioni; Prefazione, alcune edizioni2,550 copie
The Waste Land (Norton Critical Editions) (2000) — Collaboratore — 1,518 copie
50 Great Short Stories (1952) — Collaboratore — 1,239 copie
The Best American Essays of the Century (2000) — Collaboratore — 772 copie
Brief Lives (1898) — Prefazione, alcune edizioni693 copie
L'abbazia degli incubi (1818) — Prefazione, alcune edizioni432 copie
Critical Theory Since Plato (1971) — Collaboratore, alcune edizioni397 copie
The QPB Companion to The Lord of the Rings (2001) — Collaboratore — 358 copie
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (1998) — Collaboratore — 274 copie
The 40s: The Story of a Decade (2014) — Collaboratore — 271 copie
Peasants and Other Stories (1956) — A cura di — 222 copie
Reader in Comparative Religion: An Anthropological Approach (1958) — Collaboratore — 209 copie
The Norton Book of Personal Essays (1997) — Collaboratore — 142 copie
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (1929) — Collaboratore — 128 copie
The Great Gatsby / Tender Is The Night / The Last Tycoon (1953) — A cura di, alcune edizioni107 copie
Twentieth-Century American Poetry (1777) — Collaboratore — 96 copie
The Complete Works of Kate Chopin (Southern Literary Studies) (1969) — Prefazione, alcune edizioni; Prefazione — 36 copie
H.P. LOVECRAFT: Four Decades of Criticism (1980) — Collaboratore — 34 copie
James Joyce: Two Decades of Criticism (1946) — Collaboratore — 22 copie
A. E. Housman: A Collection of Critical Essays (1968) — Collaboratore — 22 copie
J. R. R. Tolkien, der Mythenschöpfer (1984) — Autore — 7 copie
Eighteen Stories (1965) 4 copie
The Ethnic Image in Modern American Literature, 1900-1950 (1984) — Collaboratore — 1 copia
The Dial, Vol LXXVII No 3, September 1924 — Collaboratore, alcune edizioni1 copia


Informazioni generali

Altri nomi
Data di nascita
Data di morte
Luogo di sepoltura
Wellfleet, Massachusetts, USA
Luogo di nascita
Red Bank, New Jersey, USA
Luogo di morte
Talcottville, New York, USA
Luogo di residenza
Red Bank, New Jersey, USA
Talcottville, New York, USA
Wellfleet, Massachusetts, USA
Princeton University
The Hill School, Pottstown, Pennsylvania, USA
Attività lavorative
managing editor (Vanity Fair)
newspaper reporter
associate editor (The New Republic)
book reviewer
literary critic
historian (mostra tutto 8)
McCarthy, Mary (wife)
Nabokov, Vladimir (friend)
Fitzgerald, F. Scott (friend)
Bishop, John Peale (friend)
Zabel, Morton Dauwen (friend)
The Sun (New York)
Vanity Fair
The New Republic
The New Yorker
The New York Review of Books
Premi e riconoscimenti
Presidential Medal of Freedom (1963)
Emerson-Thoreau Medal (1966)
Breve biografia
Edmund Wilson was born in Red Bank, New Jersey. He attended The Hill School, a private boarding school in Pennsylvania, where he served as the editor-in-chief of the school's literary magazine, then went on to Princeton University, where he was a classmate of F. Scott Fitzgerald. Their friendship became one of the most important literary relationships in the history of American letters. Wilson read omnivorously across the spectrum of modern European and Russian writers, including Proust, Joyce, Eliot, Valéry, Dostoyevsky, Gogol, and Pushkin, along with almost all the 20th century American writers. He began his writing career as a reporter for the New York Sun, and became the managing editor of Vanity Fair in 1920. He later served as associate editor of The New Republic and as a book reviewer for The New Yorker and The New York Review of Books. He wrote plays, poems, and novels, but his greatest influence was as a literary critic, essayist, and historian. These books included Axel's Castle: A Study in the Imaginative Literature of 1870–1930 (1931) a sweeping survey of Symbolism. To the Finland Station (1940) was a broad study of European socialism up to the Bolsheviks Revolution. Wilson's work was heavily influenced by the ideas of Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx, and in turn, his work influenced novelists such as Upton Sinclair, John Dos Passos, Sinclair Lewis, and Theodore Dreiser. Wilson was married four times, most famously to Mary McCarthy, who was 17 years his junior, from 1938 to 1946.

Wilson edited the posthumous papers and notebooks of his college friend F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Crack-Up (1945), and also edited the novel The Last Tycoon (1941), which Fitzgerald had left uncompleted at his death.



aallegue | 24 altre recensioni | Feb 4, 2024 |
I don't often read books of literary essays anymore, but Wilson was a very fine critic and he brings to light some interesting writers of the Civil War era I hadn't come across before. He also reminds me that Reconstruction was a failed experiment that the Americans should have learned from before they dismantled the Iraqi state. How hard it is to impose democratic institutions where none had been before.
MylesKesten | 4 altre recensioni | Jan 23, 2024 |
"The Fruits of the MLA" deserves special attention--Wilson at his most acerbically brilliant.
Mark_Feltskog | Dec 23, 2023 |
A book that consists mostly of the author's notes and his passing observations makes for difficult reading. At a century's remove it is even more so as most of Wilson's contemporaries have faded into distant memory, if they have not already been forgotten.
That said, despite the names and the changed landscape, Wilson at his best provokes interest and wonder in his notes. He takes great pains to describe the everyday natural world; there are detailed "word paintings" of the sky, clouds, sea, snow etc. This graphic representation of natural phenomena is at its best in the Southern California episode and on honeymoon in mid-winter Connecticut.
But mostly, this record covers the social world of cheap booze, speakeasies, the plight of the novice writer and the grinding ugliness of the New York and New Jersey environment in the twenties.
Wilson was early in his fictional stories explicit about sex. The accounts of his passionate sexual relationship with poor Anna, the beautiful, down-trodden Ukrainian waitress provide the basis for the story "The Princess with the Golden Hair", collected in "Memoirs of Hecate County".
Two quotes from Wilson:
Edmund Wilson was a grand critic - singular in his opinions and well-informed. I love his writing, because it reveals someone who derives his criticism by way of a seriously argued thesis.
"Literature is merely the result of rude collisions with reality, whose repercussions, when we have withdrawn into the shelter of ourselves, we try to explain, justify, harmonize, spin into an orderly pattern in the smooth resuming current of a thought..."
"Literature is a long process of neutralizing these shocks, mitigating the crude and barbarous, treachery, murder, unrequited love.... - the constant, never-forestalled outbreaks of our barbarous nature and the accidents of the internal maladjustments of our situation as a part of the universe - we lend them, in art, the logic of our reason and the harmony of our imagination - reason and imagination, like leucocytes accumulating themselves at the place where the infection...has occurred, they rush at once to the breach and, ingesting the alien elements, are discharged in the form of art-"
… (altro)
ivanfranko | 3 altre recensioni | Sep 17, 2023 |


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