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Flamboyant man-about-town, Oscar Wilde had a reputation that preceded him, especially in his early career. He was born to a middle-class Irish family (his father was a surgeon) and was trained as a scholarship boy at Trinity College, Dublin. He subsequently won a scholarship to Magdalen College, Oxford, where he was heavily influenced by John Ruskin and Walter Pater, whose aestheticism was taken to its radical extreme in Wilde's work. By 1879 he was already known as a wit and a dandy; soon after, in fact, he was satirized in Gilbert and Sullivan's Patience. Largely on the strength of his public persona, Wilde undertook a lecture tour to the United States in 1882, where he saw his play Vera open---unsuccessfully---in New York. His first published volume, Poems, which met with some degree of approbation, appeared at this time. In 1884 he married Constance Lloyd, the daughter of an Irish lawyer, and within two years they had two sons. During this period he wrote, among others, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891), his only novel, which scandalized many readers and was widely denounced as immoral. Wilde simultaneously dismissed and encouraged such criticism with his statement in the preface, "There is no such thing as a moral or an immoral book. Books are well written or badly written. That is all." In 1891 Wilde published A House of Pomegranates, a collection of fantasy tales, and in 1892 gained commercial and critical success with his play, Lady Windermere's Fan He followed this comedy with A Woman of No Importance (1893), An Ideal Husband (1895), and his most famous play, The Importance of Being Earnest (1895). During this period he also wrote Salome, in French, but was unable to obtain a license for it in England. Performed in Paris in 1896, the play was translated and published in England in 1894 by Lord Alfred Douglas and was illustrated by Aubrey Beardsley. Lord Alfred was the son of the Marquess of Queensbury, who objected to his son's spending so much time with Wilde because of Wilde's flamboyant behavior and homosexual relationships. In 1895, after being publicly insulted by the marquess, Wilde brought an unsuccessful slander suit against the peer. The result of his inability to prove slander was his own trial on charges of sodomy, of which he was found guilty and sentenced to two years of hard labor. During his time in prison, he wrote a scathing rebuke to Lord Alfred, published in 1905 as De Profundis. In it he argues that his conduct was a result of his standing "in symbolic relations to the art and culture" of his time. After his release, Wilde left England for Paris, where he wrote what may be his most famous poem, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), drawn from his prison experiences. Among his other notable writing is The Soul of Man under Socialism (1891), which argues for individualism and freedom of artistic expression. There has been a revived interest in Wilde's work; among the best recent volumes are Richard Ellmann's, Oscar Wilde and Regenia Gagnier's Idylls of the Marketplace , two works that vary widely in their critical assumptions and approach to Wilde but that offer rich insights into his complex character. (Bowker Author Biography) — biografia da Il ritratto di Dorian Gray… (altro)
Il ritratto di Dorian Gray 37,987 copie, 613 recensioni
L' importanza di chiamarsi Ernesto 10,470 copie, 176 recensioni
Tutte le opere 4,755 copie, 25 recensioni
Il fantasma di Canterville 2,196 copie, 79 recensioni
De Profundis 1,579 copie, 24 recensioni
Salomè (Autore) 1,523 copie, 27 recensioni
Un marito ideale 1,340 copie, 32 recensioni
Il principe felice e altri racconti 1,272 copie, 26 recensioni
Complete Short Fiction 1,229 copie, 13 recensioni
Il delitto di Lord Savile 1,175 copie, 19 recensioni
The Complete Fairy Tales of Oscar Wilde 1,128 copie, 9 recensioni
Il ventaglio di Lady Windermere 1,043 copie, 29 recensioni
Il gigante egoista 741 copie, 18 recensioni
De Profundis and Other Writings 660 copie, 6 recensioni
A Woman of No Importance 625 copie, 12 recensioni
The Happy Prince 591 copie, 17 recensioni
Teleny (attributed) 461 copie, 5 recensioni
The Complete Plays 394 copie, 2 recensioni
The Fairy Tales 380 copie, 4 recensioni
La ballata del carcere di Reading 358 copie, 3 recensioni
The Wit and Humor of Oscar Wilde 322 copie, 4 recensioni
La casa dei melograni 304 copie, 8 recensioni
Aforismi 294 copie, 3 recensioni
Oscar Wilde Stories for Children 276 copie, 6 recensioni
Il ritratto di Mr. W.H. 271 copie, 8 recensioni
The Plays of Oscar Wilde 252 copie, 2 recensioni
The Collected Oscar Wilde 224 copie, 2 recensioni
Intentions 203 copie, 3 recensioni
The Best Known Works of Oscar Wilde 199 copie, 1 recensione
The Nightingale and the Rose 169 copie, 6 recensioni
Stories 165 copie, 4 recensioni
The Wit of Oscar Wilde 153 copie, 3 recensioni
The Decay of Lying 145 copie, 2 recensioni
The Works of Oscar Wilde 128 copie, 1 recensione
Selected Poems (Phoenix Poetry) 120 copie, 1 recensione
Nothing...Except My Genius 108 copie, 1 recensione
Il critico come artista 103 copie, 3 recensioni
Lord Arthur Savile's Crime (Autore) 100 copie, 3 recensioni
The Birthday of the Infanta 95 copie, 1 recensione
The Letters of Oscar Wilde 93 copie, 1 recensione
The Happy Prince and Other Tales 90 copie, 3 recensioni
Selected Letters of Oscar Wilde 81 copie, 1 recensione
Wilde [1997 film] (Autore) 69 copie, 2 recensioni
The Star Child (Original Author) 63 copie, 2 recensioni
Essays and Lectures 62 copie, 1 recensione
The Duchess of Padua 59 copie, 2 recensioni
Table Talk 56 copie, 1 recensione
Lord Arthur Savile's Crime 53 copie, 1 recensione
Vera; or, The Nihilists 52 copie, 5 recensioni
Selected Plays 43 copie, 2 recensioni
The Fisherman and his Soul 43 copie, 1 recensione
Oscar Wilde: Short Stories 42 copie, 1 recensione
Opere 40 copie
Great Short Works 29 copie, 1 recensione
The Canterville Ghost [1996 TV movie] (Writer) 27 copie, 2 recensioni
More Letters 27 copie
The picture of Dorian Gray 26 copie, 2 recensioni
Contes et récits 25 copie, 1 recensione
The Oscar Wilde Collection 25 copie, 1 recensione
The Sphinx Without a Secret 24 copie, 1 recensione
Three Plays 23 copie
The Canterville Ghost [1944 film] (Autore) 23 copie, 1 recensione
Charmides and Other Poems 21 copie, 1 recensione
Teleny and Camille 21 copie, 2 recensioni
Oscariana 20 copie
Fairy Tales 18 copie
Lady Fuckingham 16 copie, 1 recensione
Comedies 16 copie
A Florentine Tragedy 16 copie, 3 recensioni
Racconti 15 copie
Howards End 15 copie
Cuentos 15 copie
The Sphinx 12 copie, 1 recensione
Reviews 10 copie
Shorter Prose Pieces 10 copie, 1 recensione
La Sainte Courtisane 9 copie, 3 recensioni
The Harlot's house: a poem 9 copie, 1 recensione
Stories & Fairy Tales 9 copie, 2 recensioni
Teatro 8 copie, 1 recensione
Miscellanies 7 copie, 2 recensioni
Oscar Wilde The Dover Reader 7 copie, 2 recensioni
Oscariana 7 copie
Miscellanies 5 copie
I capolavori 5 copie
Letters to the Sphinx 5 copie, 1 recensione
Eros kertje 4 copie
The Happy Prince and Other Tales 4 copie, 1 recensione
La importancia de no hacer nada 4 copie, 1 recensione
Les Pensées 4 copie
Selections from Oscar Wilde 4 copie, 2 recensioni
PLAYS 4 copie
La importancia de discutirlo todo 3 copie, 1 recensione
Pensamiemtos 3 copie
Salomé / Lot in Sodom (Autore) 3 copie
Miscellaneous 3 copie, 1 recensione
Charmides 3 copie
Firenzei tragédia ; A szent parázna (Autore) 3 copie, 1 recensione
Wilde Oscar 3 copie
Three Tales 3 copie
AFORIZMA 2 copie
Five Tales 2 copie
Pohádky 2 copie
Gedichten 2 copie
Salomé [1922 film] (Play) 2 copie
Noveletes 2 copie
Lettres 2 copie
Ainsi parlait Oscar Wilde 2 copie, 1 recensione
Le chasseur d'opossum 2 copie, 1 recensione
I racconti 2 copie
Weisheiten. 2 copie
Fingerzeige 2 copie
Komöödiad 1 copia
Meditações 1 copia
Hellenism 1 copia
Ziele 1 copia
Two tales 1 copia
Vested 1 copia
Four Letters 1 copia
Öyküler 1 1 copia
Echoes 1 copia
Wyrms 1 copia
O Jovem Rei 1 copia
El maestro 1 copia
Сказки 1 copia
Portreti i Dorian Greit 1 copia, 1 recensione
Racconti 1 copia
Essays II 1 copia
Briefe II 1 copia
Nar Evi 1 copia
The Women of Homer 1 copia, 1 recensione
(all) 1 copia
366 Aforismi 1 copia
Der tierisch-menschliche Charakter (Collaboratore) 1 copia
Saggi 1 copia
f 1 copia
Essays I 1 copia
Contos Encantados (Autore) 1 copia
Panthea 1 copia
Cuentos I. Antología 1 copia, 1 recensione
Four Stories 1 copia
Bajke 1 copia
Level 2 1 copia
Helas {poem} 1 copia
Письма 1 copia
Théâtre 1 copia
Easter Day 1 copia
Novelle 1 copia
: (1892) 1 copia
Requiescat 1 copia
Apologia 1 copia
Ave! Maria 1 copia
PAT 1 copia
Selections 1 copia
Part01 1 copia
Versek 1 copia
Gondolatok 1 copia
The Georgics 1 copia
24 poesie 1 copia
Oykuler 1 copia
Satyricon (supposed translator, alcune edizioni) 3,357 copie, 32 recensioni
Oscar Wilde (Subject) 1,908 copie, 11 recensioni
The Making of a Poem: A Norton Anthology of Poetic Forms (Collaboratore) 1,212 copie, 9 recensioni
The Classic Fairy Tales [Norton Critical Edition] (Collaboratore) 978 copie, 5 recensioni
The Nation's Favourite Poems (Collaboratore, alcune edizioni) 611 copie, 7 recensioni
Antologia della letteratura fantastica (Collaboratore) 581 copie, 13 recensioni
A Treasury of the World's Best Loved Poems (Collaboratore) 509 copie, 4 recensioni
Black Water: The Book of Fantastic Literature (Collaboratore) 485 copie, 8 recensioni
The Victorian Fairytale Book (Collaboratore) 444 copie, 3 recensioni
Critical Theory Since Plato (Collaboratore, alcune edizioni) 391 copie, 1 recensione
The Oxford Book of Modern Fairy Tales (Collaboratore) 354 copie, 6 recensioni
Eight Great Comedies (Collaboratore) 345 copie, 2 recensioni
100 Ghastly Little Ghost Stories (Collaboratore) 327 copie, 4 recensioni
Ghosts: A Treasury of Chilling Tales Old & New (Collaboratore) 322 copie, 2 recensioni
Witches & Warlocks: Tales of Black Magic, Old & New (Collaboratore) 275 copie, 4 recensioni
24 Favorite One Act Plays (Collaboratore) 272 copie, 1 recensione
Criticism: Major Statements (Collaboratore) 210 copie
The Golden Treasury of Children's Literature Set (Collaboratore) 205 copie, 4 recensioni
The Penguin Book of Irish Verse (Collaboratore) 189 copie
L' importanza di chiamarsi Ernest (Original play) 182 copie, 3 recensioni
Late Victorian Gothic Tales (Collaboratore) 181 copie
Love Letters (Collaboratore) 178 copie, 1 recensione
The Portable Victorian Reader (Collaboratore) 175 copie
Masterpieces of the Drama (Collaboratore) 173 copie, 2 recensioni
The World's Greatest Ghost Stories (Collaboratore) 167 copie
The Big Book of Classic Fantasy (Collaboratore) 152 copie, 3 recensioni
The Penguin Book of Irish Fiction (Collaboratore) 151 copie
Irish Tales of Terror (Collaboratore) 122 copie, 2 recensioni
The Anarchist Reader (Autore, alcune edizioni) 122 copie
Sixteen Famous British Plays (Collaboratore) 108 copie, 1 recensione
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (Collaboratore) 108 copie, 1 recensione
Thirty Famous One-Act Plays (Collaboratore) 106 copie, 2 recensioni
Chilling Ghost Short Stories (Collaboratore) 104 copie, 2 recensioni
New Worlds for Old (Collaboratore) 98 copie, 1 recensione
Treasury Of Gothic & Supernatural (Collaboratore) 95 copie, 3 recensioni
The Dedalus Book of Decadence (Collaboratore) 92 copie, 2 recensioni
Dorian Gray [2009 film] (Original story) 90 copie, 1 recensione
Decadent Poetry (Collaboratore) 89 copie
The Provensen Book of Fairy Tales (Collaboratore) 89 copie, 1 recensione
Due saggi su Oscar Wilde (Collaboratore) 86 copie, 1 recensione
A Book of Princesses (Collaboratore) 83 copie
The Treasury of English Short Stories (Collaboratore) 81 copie
Victorian Fairy Tales (Collaboratore) 77 copie, 5 recensioni
Charles Keeping's Book of Classic Ghost Stories (Collaboratore) 77 copie, 1 recensione
Easter Stories: Classic Tales for the Holy Season (Collaboratore) 74 copie, 11 recensioni
The Folio Book of Comic Short Stories (Collaboratore) 71 copie, 1 recensione
The Importance of Being Earnest [1952 film] (Original play) 68 copie, 1 recensione
Contemporary Drama: 15 Plays (Collaboratore) 67 copie, 1 recensione
Selected Stories from the 19th Century (Collaboratore) 66 copie, 1 recensione
Marvel Illustrated: The Picture of Dorian Gray (Collaboratore) 65 copie, 4 recensioni
The Mammoth Book of Fairy Tales (Collaboratore) 62 copie
Great Classic Stories: 22 Unabridged Classics (Collaboratore, alcune edizioni) 51 copie, 4 recensioni
Victorian Love Stories: An Oxford Anthology (Collaboratore) 47 copie, 1 recensione
The Second Dedalus Book of Decadence the Black Feast (Collaboratore) 46 copie, 3 recensioni
Great Tales of Terror (Collaboratore) 44 copie
A Century of Humour (Collaboratore) 42 copie
Fairy Tales of Oscar Wilde, Vol. 5: The Happy Prince (Collaboratore) 40 copie, 1 recensione
The Picture of Dorian Gray [1945 film] (Original novel) 40 copie, 1 recensione
Poetry of Witness: The Tradition in English, 1500-2001 (Collaboratore) 38 copie, 1 recensione
The Vintage Book of Classic Crime (Collaboratore) 33 copie
The Picture of Dorian Gray: A Moral Entertainment (Original play) 32 copie, 1 recensione
Irish Ghost Stories (Collaboratore) 32 copie, 1 recensione
The Big Book of Victorian Mysteries (Collaboratore) 31 copie, 1 recensione
Stories To Get You Through The Night (Collaboratore) 31 copie
Witches, Witches, Witches (Collaboratore) 30 copie
A Book of Princes (Collaboratore) 26 copie, 1 recensione
A Book of Old Ballads (Collaboratore) 26 copie
Salome [libretto] (Librettist, alcune edizioni) 25 copie
Great Ghost Stories: 34 Classic Tales of the Supernatural (Collaboratore) 25 copie, 1 recensione
Graphic Classics: Oscar Wilde (Autore) 21 copie, 2 recensioni
Cuentos de amor victorianos (Collaboratore) 20 copie
Twelve Classic One-Act Plays (Collaboratore) 17 copie
All verdens fortellere (Collaboratore, alcune edizioni) 15 copie, 1 recensione
Specter! A Chrestomathy of Spookery (Collaboratore) 15 copie
Dark Holidays: A Collection of Ghost Stories (Collaboratore) 13 copie, 1 recensione
A Little Night Reading (Collaboratore) 12 copie, 1 recensione
The chameleon (Collaboratore) 10 copie
Love Stories (Collaboratore) 10 copie
A Treasury of Great Short Stories (Collaboratore) 7 copie
Fear! Fear! Fear! (Collaboratore) 6 copie
The Selfish Giant [2013 film] (Original book) 6 copie
The Moth and Other Stories (Collaboratore) 6 copie, 1 recensione
Kipling and the Critics (Collaboratore) 6 copie
Thames: An Anthology of River Poems (Collaboratore) 6 copie
Jabberwocky 3 (Collaboratore) 5 copie
La poesía inglesa románticos y victorianos (Collaboratore) 4 copie, 1 recensione
Six Short Stories (Collaboratore) 4 copie
Immortal Stories (Collaboratore) 3 copie
Tredive mesterfortællinger (Autore, alcune edizioni) 3 copie, 1 recensione
Best Crime Stories (Collaboratore) 3 copie
An Ideal Husband [1999 film] (Original play) 2 copie
Lady Windermere's Fan [1925 film] (Original book) 2 copie
Wakacje Wśród Duchów (Collaboratore) 1 copia
Fantastyczne Opowieści (Collaboratore) 1 copia
Cuentos Requeridos 1 (Collaboratore) 1 copia
The Fan [1949 film] (Original story) 1 copia
An Ideal Husband [1947 film] (Original play) 1 copia

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Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, the early 1890s saw him become one of the most popular playwrights in London. He is best remembered for his epigrams, plays, and his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray.

Wilde's parents were Anglo-Irish intellectuals in Dublin. A young Wilde learned to speak fluent French and German. At university, Wilde read Greats; he demonstrated himself to be an exceptional classicist, first at Trinity College Dublin, then at Oxford. He became associated with the emerging philosophy of aestheticism, led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin. After university, Wilde moved to London into fashionable cultural and social circles.

As a spokesman for aestheticism, he tried his hand at various literary activities: he published a book of poems, lectured in the United States and Canada on the new "English Renaissance in Art" and interior decoration, and then returned to London where he worked prolifically as a journalist. Known for his biting wit, flamboyant dress and glittering conversational skill, Wilde became one of the best-known personalities of his day. At the turn of the 1890s, he refined his ideas about the supremacy of art in a series of dialogues and essays, and incorporated themes of decadence, duplicity, and beauty into what would be his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890). The opportunity to construct aesthetic details precisely, and combine them with larger social themes, drew Wilde to write drama. He wrote Salome (1891) in French while in Paris but it was refused a licence for England due to an absolute prohibition on the portrayal of Biblical subjects on the English stage. Unperturbed, Wilde produced four society comedies in the early 1890s, which made him one of the most successful playwrights of late-Victorian London.

At the height of his fame and success, while The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) was still being performed in London, Wilde prosecuted the Marquess of Queensberry for criminal libel. The Marquess was the father of Wilde's lover, Lord Alfred Douglas. The libel trial unearthed evidence that caused Wilde to drop his charges and led to his own arrest and trial for gross indecency with men. After two more trials he was convicted and sentenced to two years' hard labour, the maximum penalty, and was jailed from 1895 to 1897. During his last year in prison, he wrote De Profundis (published posthumously in 1905), a long letter which discusses his spiritual journey through his trials, forming a dark counterpoint to his earlier philosophy of pleasure. On his release, he left immediately for France, never to return to Ireland or Britain. There he wrote his last work, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), a long poem commemorating the harsh rhythms of prison life.
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