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Flamboyant man-about-town, Oscar Wilde had a reputation that preceded him, especially in his early career. He was born to a middle-class Irish family (his father was a surgeon) and was trained as a scholarship boy at Trinity College, Dublin. He subsequently won a scholarship to Magdalen College, Oxford, where he was heavily influenced by John Ruskin and Walter Pater, whose aestheticism was taken to its radical extreme in Wilde's work. By 1879 he was already known as a wit and a dandy; soon after, in fact, he was satirized in Gilbert and Sullivan's Patience. Largely on the strength of his public persona, Wilde undertook a lecture tour to the United States in 1882, where he saw his play Vera open---unsuccessfully---in New York. His first published volume, Poems, which met with some degree of approbation, appeared at this time. In 1884 he married Constance Lloyd, the daughter of an Irish lawyer, and within two years they had two sons. During this period he wrote, among others, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891), his only novel, which scandalized many readers and was widely denounced as immoral. Wilde simultaneously dismissed and encouraged such criticism with his statement in the preface, "There is no such thing as a moral or an immoral book. Books are well written or badly written. That is all." In 1891 Wilde published A House of Pomegranates, a collection of fantasy tales, and in 1892 gained commercial and critical success with his play, Lady Windermere's Fan He followed this comedy with A Woman of No Importance (1893), An Ideal Husband (1895), and his most famous play, The Importance of Being Earnest (1895). During this period he also wrote Salome, in French, but was unable to obtain a license for it in England. Performed in Paris in 1896, the play was translated and published in England in 1894 by Lord Alfred Douglas and was illustrated by Aubrey Beardsley. Lord Alfred was the son of the Marquess of Queensbury, who objected to his son's spending so much time with Wilde because of Wilde's flamboyant behavior and homosexual relationships. In 1895, after being publicly insulted by the marquess, Wilde brought an unsuccessful slander suit against the peer. The result of his inability to prove slander was his own trial on charges of sodomy, of which he was found guilty and sentenced to two years of hard labor. During his time in prison, he wrote a scathing rebuke to Lord Alfred, published in 1905 as De Profundis. In it he argues that his conduct was a result of his standing "in symbolic relations to the art and culture" of his time. After his release, Wilde left England for Paris, where he wrote what may be his most famous poem, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), drawn from his prison experiences. Among his other notable writing is The Soul of Man under Socialism (1891), which argues for individualism and freedom of artistic expression. There has been a revived interest in Wilde's work; among the best recent volumes are Richard Ellmann's, Oscar Wilde and Regenia Gagnier's Idylls of the Marketplace , two works that vary widely in their critical assumptions and approach to Wilde but that offer rich insights into his complex character. (Bowker Author Biography)
— biografia da Il ritratto di Dorian Gray
… (altro)
Il ritratto di Dorian Gray 35,127 copie, 585 recensioni
L' importanza di chiamarsi Ernesto 10,095 copie, 165 recensioni
Tutte le opere 4,521 copie, 21 recensioni
Il fantasma di Canterville 1,984 copie, 67 recensioni
De Profundis 1,487 copie, 22 recensioni
Salomè (Autore) 1,437 copie, 25 recensioni
Un marito ideale 1,258 copie, 31 recensioni
Il principe felice e altri racconti 1,212 copie, 26 recensioni
Complete Short Fiction 1,140 copie, 13 recensioni
Il delitto di Lord Savile 1,104 copie, 16 recensioni
The Complete Fairy Tales of Oscar Wilde 1,073 copie, 8 recensioni
Il ventaglio di Lady Windermere 983 copie, 29 recensioni
Il gigante egoista 684 copie, 18 recensioni
De Profundis and Other Writings 618 copie, 7 recensioni
Una donna senza importanza 591 copie, 13 recensioni
The Happy Prince 543 copie, 17 recensioni
Teleny (attributed) 446 copie, 7 recensioni
The Complete Plays 376 copie, 3 recensioni
La ballata del carcere di Reading 337 copie, 3 recensioni
The Fairy Tales 337 copie, 4 recensioni
The Wit and Humor of Oscar Wilde 298 copie, 3 recensioni
La casa dei melograni 292 copie, 8 recensioni
Aforismi 278 copie, 3 recensioni
Il ritratto di Mr. W.H. 255 copie, 8 recensioni
Oscar Wilde Stories for Children 248 copie, 5 recensioni
The Plays of Oscar Wilde 236 copie, 2 recensioni
The Collected Oscar Wilde 199 copie, 2 recensioni
Intentions 192 copie, 3 recensioni
The Nightingale and the Rose 160 copie, 5 recensioni
Stories 153 copie, 3 recensioni
The Decay of Lying 131 copie, 2 recensioni
The Wit of Oscar Wilde 128 copie, 3 recensioni
The Works of Oscar Wilde 118 copie, 1 recensione
Selected Poems (Phoenix Poetry) 111 copie, 1 recensione
Nothing...Except My Genius 106 copie, 1 recensione
Il critico come artista 90 copie, 3 recensioni
The Happy Prince and Other Tales 90 copie, 2 recensioni
The Letters of Oscar Wilde 90 copie, 1 recensione
Lord Arthur Savile's Crime (Autore) 89 copie, 3 recensioni
The Birthday of the Infanta 82 copie, 1 recensione
Selected Letters of Oscar Wilde 79 copie, 1 recensione
Wilde [1997 film] (Autore) 61 copie, 1 recensione
The Duchess of Padua 56 copie, 2 recensioni
Table Talk 55 copie, 1 recensione
Vera; or, The Nihilists 48 copie, 5 recensioni
Selected Plays 42 copie, 2 recensioni
Oscar Wilde: Short Stories 40 copie, 1 recensione
The Fisherman and his Soul 39 copie, 3 recensioni
Opere 37 copie
Lord Arthur Savile's Crime 37 copie, 1 recensione
The Star Child 32 copie, 1 recensione
Great Short Works 29 copie, 1 recensione
More Letters 26 copie
The picture of Dorian Gray 26 copie, 2 recensioni
The Canterville Ghost [1996 TV movie] (Writer) 24 copie, 1 recensione
The Sphinx Without a Secret 24 copie, 1 recensione
Contes et récits 24 copie, 1 recensione
Three Plays 23 copie
Charmides and Other Poems 21 copie, 1 recensione
The Oscar Wilde Collection 21 copie, 1 recensione
Teleny and Camille 20 copie, 2 recensioni
The Canterville Ghost [1944 film] (Autore) 19 copie, 1 recensione
Oscariana 19 copie
Fairy Tales 18 copie
A Florentine Tragedy 17 copie, 3 recensioni
Lady Fuckingham 16 copie, 1 recensione
Racconti 15 copie
Howards End 15 copie
Comedies 15 copie
Cuentos 13 copie
The Sphinx 12 copie, 1 recensione
La Sainte Courtisane 9 copie, 3 recensioni
Stories & Fairy Tales 9 copie, 2 recensioni
The Harlot's house: a poem 9 copie, 1 recensione
Reviews 9 copie
Teatro 8 copie, 1 recensione
Shorter Prose Pieces 8 copie, 1 recensione
Miscellanies 7 copie, 2 recensioni
Oscariana 6 copie
Jovem Rei e Outras Histórias, O 5 copie, 1 recensione
Letters to the Sphinx 5 copie, 1 recensione
Miscellanies 5 copie
I capolavori 5 copie
Oscar Wilde The Dover Reader 5 copie, 2 recensioni
Selections from Oscar Wilde 4 copie, 2 recensioni
The Happy Prince and Other Tales 4 copie, 1 recensione
La importancia de no hacer nada 4 copie, 1 recensione
PLAYS 4 copie
Les Pensées 4 copie
Eros kertje 4 copie
Charmides 3 copie
Satyricon (supposed translator, alcune edizioni) 3,130 copie, 27 recensioni
Oscar Wilde (Subject) 1,821 copie, 9 recensioni
The Making of a Poem: A Norton Anthology of Poetic Forms (Collaboratore) 1,118 copie, 9 recensioni
The Classic Fairy Tales [Norton Critical Edition] (Collaboratore) 922 copie, 5 recensioni
The Nation's Favourite Poems (Autore, alcune edizioni) 581 copie, 7 recensioni
Antologia della letteratura fantastica (Collaboratore) 525 copie, 11 recensioni
A Treasury of the World's Best Loved Poems (Collaboratore) 476 copie, 4 recensioni
Black Water: The Book of Fantastic Literature (Collaboratore) 463 copie, 8 recensioni
The Victorian Fairytale Book (Collaboratore) 425 copie, 3 recensioni
Critical Theory Since Plato (Collaboratore, alcune edizioni) 372 copie, 1 recensione
The Oxford Book of Modern Fairy Tales (Collaboratore) 342 copie, 6 recensioni
Eight great comedies (Collaboratore) 334 copie, 2 recensioni
100 Ghastly Little Ghost Stories (Collaboratore) 305 copie, 4 recensioni
Ghosts: A Treasury of Chilling Tales Old & New (Collaboratore) 300 copie, 2 recensioni
24 Favorite One Act Plays (Collaboratore) 256 copie, 1 recensione
Witches & Warlocks: Tales of Black Magic, Old & New (Collaboratore) 256 copie, 5 recensioni
Criticism: Major Statements (Collaboratore) 199 copie
The Golden Treasury of Children's Literature Set (Collaboratore) 190 copie, 3 recensioni
The Penguin Book of Irish Verse (Collaboratore) 178 copie
Late Victorian Gothic Tales (Collaboratore) 171 copie
The Portable Victorian Reader (Collaboratore) 171 copie
L' importanza di chiamarsi Ernest (Original play) 169 copie, 3 recensioni
Masterpieces of the Drama (Collaboratore) 167 copie, 2 recensioni
Love Letters (Collaboratore) 167 copie, 1 recensione
The Penguin Book of Irish Fiction (Collaboratore) 140 copie
The Big Book of Classic Fantasy (Collaboratore) 123 copie, 3 recensioni
Irish Tales of Terror (Collaboratore) 116 copie, 2 recensioni
The Anarchist Reader (Autore, alcune edizioni) 112 copie
The Mammoth Book of Ghost Stories (Collaboratore) 102 copie
The Standard Book of British and American Verse (Collaboratore) 100 copie, 1 recensione
Sixteen Famous British Plays (Collaboratore) 99 copie, 1 recensione
Thirty Famous One-Act Plays (Collaboratore) 99 copie, 2 recensioni
New Worlds for Old (Collaboratore) 94 copie, 1 recensione
The Dedalus Book of Decadence (Collaboratore) 88 copie, 2 recensioni
Treasury Of Gothic & Supernatural (Collaboratore) 87 copie, 3 recensioni
Due saggi su Oscar Wilde (Collaboratore) 84 copie, 1 recensione
Chilling Ghost Short Stories (Collaboratore) 82 copie
A Book of Princesses (Collaboratore) 80 copie
The Treasury of English Short Stories (Collaboratore) 79 copie
Decadent Poetry (Collaboratore) 76 copie
Charles Keeping's Book of Classic Ghost Stories (Collaboratore) 75 copie, 1 recensione
Victorian Fairy Tales (Oxford World's Classics) (Collaboratore) 70 copie, 5 recensioni
Contemporary Drama: 15 Plays (Collaboratore) 68 copie, 1 recensione
Dorian Gray [2009 film] (Original story) 67 copie, 1 recensione
The Folio Book of Comic Short Stories (Collaboratore) 66 copie, 1 recensione
Easter Stories: Classic Tales for the Holy Season (Collaboratore) 66 copie, 11 recensioni
Selected Stories from the 19th Century (Collaboratore) 65 copie, 1 recensione
The Importance of Being Earnest [1952 film] (Original play) 65 copie, 2 recensioni
The Mammoth Book of Fairy Tales (Collaboratore) 60 copie
Victorian Love Stories: An Oxford Anthology (Collaboratore) 46 copie, 1 recensione
Great Classic Stories: 22 Unabridged Classics (Autore, alcune edizioni) 45 copie, 3 recensioni
The Second Dedalus Book of Decadence the Black Feast (Collaboratore) 44 copie, 3 recensioni
Great Tales of Terror (Collaboratore) 43 copie
A Century of Humour (Collaboratore) 42 copie
Fairy Tales of Oscar Wilde, Vol. 5: The Happy Prince (Collaboratore) 38 copie, 1 recensione
The Picture of Dorian Gray [1945 film] (Original novel) 35 copie, 1 recensione
Poetry of Witness: The Tradition in English, 1500-2001 (Collaboratore) 35 copie, 1 recensione
The Vintage Book of Classic Crime (Collaboratore) 31 copie
The Picture of Dorian Gray: A Moral Entertainment (Original play) 30 copie, 1 recensione
Stories To Get You Through The Night (Collaboratore) 29 copie
Witches, Witches, Witches (Collaboratore) 29 copie
Irish Ghost Stories (Collaboratore) 28 copie, 1 recensione
A Book of Old Ballads (Collaboratore) 25 copie
Salome [libretto] (Librettist, alcune edizioni) 25 copie
A Book of Princes (Collaboratore) 23 copie, 1 recensione
Great Ghost Stories: 34 Classic Tales of the Supernatural (Collaboratore) 22 copie, 1 recensione
Graphic Classics: Oscar Wilde (Autore) 21 copie, 2 recensioni
The Big Book of Victorian Mysteries (Collaboratore) 19 copie, 2 recensioni
Cuentos de amor victorianos (Collaboratore) 18 copie
Twelve Classic One-Act Plays (Collaboratore) 15 copie
All verdens fortellere (Autore, alcune edizioni) 15 copie, 1 recensione
Specter! A Chrestomathy of Spookery (Collaboratore) 14 copie
Dark Holidays: A Collection of Ghost Stories (Collaboratore) 13 copie, 1 recensione
Dare to be Different (Collaboratore) 13 copie
The chameleon (Collaboratore) 10 copie
A Little Night Reading (Autore) 9 copie, 1 recensione
Love Stories (Collaboratore) 9 copie
The Star Child: A Fairy Tale (Original Author) 8 copie, 1 recensione
A Treasury of Great Short Stories (Collaboratore) 7 copie
Kipling and the Critics (Collaboratore) 6 copie
Fear! Fear! Fear! (Collaboratore) 6 copie
The Moth and Other Stories (Collaboratore) 6 copie, 1 recensione
Jabberwocky 3 (Collaboratore) 5 copie
The Selfish Giant [2013 film] (Original book) 4 copie
Six Short Stories (Collaboratore) 4 copie
La poesía inglesa románticos y victorianos (Collaboratore) 4 copie, 1 recensione
Tredive mesterfortællinger (Autore, alcune edizioni) 3 copie, 1 recensione
Immortal Stories (Collaboratore) 3 copie
Best Crime Stories (Collaboratore) 3 copie
Lady Windermere's Fan [1925 film] (Original book) 3 copie, 1 recensione
An Ideal Husband [1999 film] (Original play) 2 copie
An Ideal Husband [1947 film] (Original play) 1 copia
The Fan [1949 film] (Original story) 1 copia
Wakacje Wśród Duchów (Collaboratore) 1 copia
Cuentos Requeridos 1 (Collaboratore) 1 copia
Fantastyczne Opowieści (Collaboratore) 1 copia

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Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish poet and playwright. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, the early 1890s saw him become one of the most popular playwrights in London. He is best remembered for his epigrams, plays, and his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray.

Wilde's parents were Anglo-Irish intellectuals in Dublin. A young Wilde learned to speak fluent French and German. At university, Wilde read Greats; he demonstrated himself to be an exceptional classicist, first at Trinity College Dublin, then at Oxford. He became associated with the emerging philosophy of aestheticism, led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin. After university, Wilde moved to London into fashionable cultural and social circles.

As a spokesman for aestheticism, he tried his hand at various literary activities: he published a book of poems, lectured in the United States and Canada on the new "English Renaissance in Art" and interior decoration, and then returned to London where he worked prolifically as a journalist. Known for his biting wit, flamboyant dress and glittering conversational skill, Wilde became one of the best-known personalities of his day. At the turn of the 1890s, he refined his ideas about the supremacy of art in a series of dialogues and essays, and incorporated themes of decadence, duplicity, and beauty into what would be his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890). The opportunity to construct aesthetic details precisely, and combine them with larger social themes, drew Wilde to write drama. He wrote Salome (1891) in French while in Paris but it was refused a licence for England due to an absolute prohibition on the portrayal of Biblical subjects on the English stage. Unperturbed, Wilde produced four society comedies in the early 1890s, which made him one of the most successful playwrights of late-Victorian London.

At the height of his fame and success, while The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) was still being performed in London, Wilde prosecuted the Marquess of Queensberry for criminal libel. The Marquess was the father of Wilde's lover, Lord Alfred Douglas. The libel trial unearthed evidence that caused Wilde to drop his charges and led to his own arrest and trial for gross indecency with men. After two more trials he was convicted and sentenced to two years' hard labour, the maximum penalty, and was jailed from 1895 to 1897. During his last year in prison, he wrote De Profundis (published posthumously in 1905), a long letter which discusses his spiritual journey through his trials, forming a dark counterpoint to his earlier philosophy of pleasure. On his release, he left immediately for France, never to return to Ireland or Britain. There he wrote his last work, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), a long poem commemorating the harsh rhythms of prison life.
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