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Fotografia dell'autore. Etching of Joseph O. Eaton's portrait of Herman Melville Published c. 1944, painting created before 1891

Etching of Joseph O. Eaton's portrait of Herman Melville Published c. 1944, painting created before 1891

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Herman Melville (August 1, 1819 - September 28, 1891) was born into a seemingly secure, prosperous world, a descendant of prominent Dutch and English families long established in New York State. That security vanished when first, the family business failed, and then, two years later, in young Melville's thirteenth year, his father died. Without enough money to gain the formal education that professions required, Melville was thrown on his own resources and in 1841 sailed off on a whaling ship bound for the South Seas. His experiences at sea during the next four years were to form in part the basis of his best fiction. Melville's first two books, Typee (1846) and Omoo (1847), were partly romance and partly autobiographical travel books set in the South Seas. Both were popular successes, particularly Typee, which included a stay among cannibals and a romance with a South Sea maiden. During the next several years, Melville published three more romances that drew upon his experiences at sea: Redburn (1849) and White-Jacket (1850), both fairly realistic accounts of the sailor's life and depicting the loss of innocence of central characters; and Mardi (1849), which, like the other two books, began as a romance of adventure but turned into an allegorical critique of contemporary American civilization. Moby Dick (1851) also began as an adventure story, based on Melville's experiences aboard the whaling ship. However, in the writing of it inspired in part by conversations with his friend and neighbor Hawthorne and partly by his own irrepressible imagination and reading of Shakespeare and other Renaissance dramatists Melville turned the book into something so strange that, when it appeared in print, many of his readers and critics were dumbfounded, even outraged. By the mid-1850s, Melville's literary reputation was all but destroyed, and he was obliged to live the rest of his life taking whatever jobs he could find and borrowing money from relatives, who fortunately were always in a position to help him. He continued to write, however, and published some marvelous short fiction pieces Benito Cereno" (1855) and "Bartleby, the Scrivener" (1853) are the best. He also published several volumes of poetry, the most important of which was Battle Pieces and Aspects of the War (1866), poems of occasionally great power that were written in response to the moral challenge of the Civil War. His posthumously published work, Billy Budd (1924), on which he worked up until the time of his death, became Melville's last significant literary work, a brilliant short novel that movingly describes a young sailor's imprisonment and death. Melville's reputation, however, rests most solidly on his great epic romance, Moby Dick. It is a difficult as well as a brilliant book, and many critics have offered interpretations of its complicated ambiguous symbolism. Darrel Abel briefly summed up Moby Dick as "the story of an attempt to search the unsearchable ways of God," although the book has historical, political, and moral implications as well. Melville died at his home in New York City early on the morning of September 28, 1891, at age 72. The doctor listed "cardiac dilation" on the death certificate. He was interred in the Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York, along with his wife, Elizabeth Shaw Melville. (Bowker Author Biography) — biografia da Moby Dick… (altro)
Moby Dick 34,078 copie, 520 recensioni
Barthleby lo scrivano 2,742 copie, 95 recensioni
Billy Budd 2,537 copie, 49 recensioni
Taipi 2,094 copie, 38 recensioni
Billy Budd and Other Stories 1,953 copie, 14 recensioni
Moby-Dick [Norton Critical Edition] 1,210 copie, 8 recensioni
L' uomo di fiducia: una mascherata 1,166 copie, 13 recensioni
Billy Budd and Other Tales 938 copie, 11 recensioni
Bartleby, lo scrivano. Benito Cereno 913 copie, 10 recensioni
Pierre; or, The Ambiguities 727 copie, 4 recensioni
Redburn / White-Jacket / Moby Dick 689 copie, 8 recensioni
Benito Cereno 657 copie, 25 recensioni
Melville: Typee, Omoo, Mardi 613 copie, 5 recensioni
Giacchetta bianca 587 copie, 5 recensioni
Great Short Works of Herman Melville 556 copie, 2 recensioni
La nave di vetro 555 copie, 6 recensioni
Graphic Classics: Moby Dick 547 copie, 14 recensioni
Omoo 478 copie, 8 recensioni
Two Tales: Billy Budd and Benito Cereno (Autore) 257 copie, 3 recensioni
Mardi e un viaggio laggiu 228 copie, 5 recensioni
The Piazza Tales 195 copie, 5 recensioni
The Shorter Novels of Herman Melville (Autore) 162 copie, 1 recensione
The Portable Melville 151 copie, 1 recensione
Four Short Novels 139 copie, 3 recensioni
Tales, Poems, and Other Writings 137 copie, 1 recensione
The Maldive Shark 133 copie, 5 recensioni
Moby Dick, Billy Budd 70 copie, 2 recensioni
Moby Dick 61 copie, 4 recensioni
Moby Dick (Graphic Novel) (Source Author) 57 copie, 6 recensioni
I And My Chimney 48 copie, 1 recensione
Selected Poems of Herman Melville 47 copie, 1 recensione
Moby Dick [Penguin Readers] 39 copie, 8 recensioni
John Marr and Other Poems 25 copie, 1 recensione
Billy Budd [Macmillan Readers] 25 copie, 9 recensioni
21 Essential American Short Stories (Collaboratore) 21 copie, 1 recensione
Moby Dick (Now Age Books) 18 copie, 1 recensione
Three Stories 16 copie, 1 recensione
Short Stories 13 copie
Bartleby, el escribiente 8 copie, 2 recensioni
Moby Dick 8 copie
The Bell-Tower 7 copie, 1 recensione
Norfolk Isle & the Chola widow 7 copie, 1 recensione
Viajar 6 copie, 1 recensione
Bartleby, le scribe (Autore) 4 copie
Typee & Omoo 4 copie
Racconti 3 copie
Moby Dick 3 copie
La veranda 2 copie
TAIPII 2 copie
Bartleby 2 copie
Moby Dick 2 copie
Five tales 2 copie
The Fiddler 2 copie
Modydick 2 copie
Typee, Omoo 2 copie
John Marr 2 copie
Annales 1 copia
Moby Dick'1 1 copia
MOBY DICK 1 copia
Fives Tales 1 copia
Moby Dick 1 copia
Moby Dick 35/22N 1 copia, 1 recensione
Mobi Diḳ 1 copia
Contos 1 copia
Moby Dick 1 copia
(all) 1 copia
Mardi: And a Voyage Thither 2 1 copia, 1 recensione
Poésies 1 copia
Moby Dick or 1 copia
MOBY DICK 2 1 copia
MOBY DICK 1 1 copia
Ca Voi Trang 1 copia
Art 1 copia
El timador 1 copia
Le Campanile 1 copia
Short novels 1 copia
Four novels 1 copia, 1 recensione
A bord 1 copia
"Shiloh" 1 copia
Opere scelte 1 copia
Oszust 1 copia
Bartleby 1 copia
Obras 1 copia
Hôtel de la baleine 1 copia, 1 recensione
The Oxford Book of American Short Stories (Collaboratore) 722 copie, 3 recensioni
Great American Short Stories: From Hawthorne to Hemingway (Collaboratore) 555 copie, 2 recensioni
Great American Short Stories (Collaboratore) 483 copie, 2 recensioni
American Gothic Tales (Collaboratore) 434 copie, 5 recensioni
A Pocket Book of Modern Verse (Collaboratore, alcune edizioni) 429 copie, 1 recensione
Fifty Great American Short Stories (Collaboratore) 414 copie, 3 recensioni
Literature: The Human Experience (Collaboratore) 333 copie
75 Short Masterpieces: Stories from the World's Literature (Collaboratore) 288 copie, 1 recensione
Writing New York: A Literary Anthology (Collaboratore) 272 copie, 4 recensioni
Six Great Modern Short Novels (Collaboratore) 270 copie, 2 recensioni
The Treasury of American Short Stories (Collaboratore) 262 copie, 1 recensione
The World's Greatest Short Stories (Collaboratore) 256 copie, 1 recensione
The Civil War: The First Year Told By Those Who Lived It (Collaboratore) 233 copie, 1 recensione
The Penguin Book of American Short Stories (Collaboratore) 184 copie, 1 recensione
The Civil War: The Second Year Told By Those Who Lived It (Collaboratore) 164 copie, 1 recensione
Great Stories of the Sea & Ships (Collaboratore) 163 copie
American Religious Poems: An Anthology (Collaboratore) 159 copie, 1 recensione
Black Water 2: More Tales of the Fantastic (Collaboratore) 152 copie, 3 recensioni
The Big Book of Classic Fantasy (Collaboratore) 152 copie, 3 recensioni
Short Novels of the Masters (Collaboratore) 149 copie, 1 recensione
Life in the Iron Mills [Bedford Cultural Editions] (Collaboratore) 139 copie, 2 recensioni
The Civil War: The Third Year Told by Those Who Lived It (Collaboratore) 137 copie, 1 recensione
An Anthology of Famous American Stories (Collaboratore) 130 copie, 1 recensione
Stories of the Sea (Collaboratore) 129 copie, 3 recensioni
A Comprehensive Anthology of American Poetry (Collaboratore) 125 copie, 2 recensioni
The Frankenstein Omnibus (Collaboratore) 102 copie, 2 recensioni
Poets of the Civil War (Collaboratore) 93 copie, 1 recensione
American Fantastic Tales: Boxed Set (Collaboratore) 91 copie, 2 recensioni
American Short Stories (Collaboratore, alcune edizioni) 90 copie
A Treasury of Civil War Stories (Collaboratore) 72 copie
200 Years of Great American Short Stories (Collaboratore) 64 copie, 1 recensione
Seven Short Novel Masterpieces (Collaboratore) 60 copie
The Blithedale Romance [Norton Critical Edition, 2nd ed.] (Collaboratore) 56 copie, 1 recensione
The Oxford Book of Sea Stories (Collaboratore) 50 copie, 1 recensione
Moby Dick [1998 TV mini-series] 47 copie, 1 recensione
Horror Stories: Classic Tales from Hoffmann to Hodgson (Collaboratore) 43 copie, 1 recensione
In Dreams Awake (Collaboratore) 40 copie
Marvel Illustrated: Moby Dick (Collaboratore) 39 copie
Poetry of Witness: The Tradition in English, 1500-2001 (Collaboratore) 38 copie, 1 recensione
The Book of the Sea (Collaboratore) 36 copie
Mysterious Sea Stories (Collaboratore) 30 copie
The Best Crime Stories Ever Told (Collaboratore) 30 copie, 1 recensione
Beau Travail [1999 film] (Original story) 29 copie
Best South Sea Stories (Collaboratore) 28 copie
American short novels (Collaboratore) 27 copie
Short Stories of the Sea (Collaboratore) 25 copie
American Literature: The Makers and the Making (In Two Volumes) (Collaboratore, alcune edizioni) 25 copie
Eight Short Novels (Collaboratore) 22 copie
The Best Sea Stories (Collaboratore) 21 copie
Billy Budd [1962 film] (Original book) 21 copie
A Treasury of Sea Stories (Collaboratore) 18 copie
The Penguin book of the ocean (Collaboratore) 18 copie
We, Robots (Collaboratore) 17 copie
World's Great Tales of the Sea (Collaboratore) 15 copie
Four great American novels (Collaboratore) 15 copie
Moby Dick [2011 TV mini series] (Original book) 14 copie
Disney Moby Dick, starring Donald Duck (Collaboratore) 13 copie, 1 recensione
Story to Anti-Story (Collaboratore) 13 copie
Melville (Collaboratore) 12 copie
Pola X 7 copie
Come Not, Lucifer! A Romantic Anthology (Collaboratore) 6 copie, 1 recensione
Vijf Amerikaanse novellen (Collaboratore) 5 copie
Valas (Alkuteoksen kirjoittaja) 5 copie
Representative American Short Stories (Collaboratore) 5 copie, 1 recensione
Famous stories of five centuries (Collaboratore) 4 copie
The Wide Sea (Collaboratore) 4 copie
Tyve mesterfortællinger (Collaboratore, alcune edizioni) 4 copie, 1 recensione
Twelve short novels (Collaboratore) 3 copie
Moby Dick [1930 film] (Orginal author) 3 copie
Die edlen Wilden (Collaboratore) 3 copie
Enjoying Stories (Collaboratore) 2 copie
Historier fra de syv have (Autore, alcune edizioni) 2 copie, 1 recensione
Introduction to Fiction (Collaboratore) 1 copia
Famous American Stories (Collaboratore, alcune edizioni) 1 copia
The Undying Past (Collaboratore) 1 copia
Stories of the South Seas (Collaboratore) 1 copia

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Herman Melville, American author, was born in New York City on the 1st of August 1819. He shipped as a cabin-boy at the age of eighteen, thus being enabled to make his first visit to England, and at twenty-two sailed for a long whaling cruise in the Pacific. After a year and a half he deserted his ship at the Marquesas Islands, on account of the cruelty of the captain; was captured by cannibals on the island of Nukahiva, and detained, without hardship, four months; was rescued by the crew of an Australian vessel, which he joined, and two years later reached New York. Thereafter, with the exception of a passenger voyage around the world in 1860, Melville remained in the United States, devoting himself to literature -- though for a considerable period (1866-1885) he held a post in the New York custom-house -- and being perhaps Hawthorne's most intimate friend among the literary men of America. His writings were numerous, but judged of varying merit by his contemporaries; his verse, patriotic and other was forgotten; and his works of fiction and of travel were deemed of irregular execution. Nevertheless, few authors have been enabled so freely to introduce romantic personal experiences into their books. He portrayed seafaring life and character with vigour and originality, and from a personal knowledge equal to that of Cooper, Marryat or Clark Russell. But these records of adventure were followed by other tales that his contemporaries found so turgid, eccentric, opinionative, and loosely written as to seem the work of another author. He died a failed author in New York on the 28th of September 1891. The 20th century's collective reassessment of his work is much more favorable, and he is now classed among the greatest American writers.
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