Immagine dell'autore.

Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804–1864)

Autore di La lettera scarlatta

797+ opere 68,158 membri 740 recensioni 154 preferito
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Sull'Autore

Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on July 4, 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts. When he was four years old, his father died. Years later, with financial help from his maternal relatives who recognized his literary talent, Hawthorne was able to enroll in Bowdoin College. Among his classmates were the mostra altro important literary and political figures Horatio Bridge, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and Franklin Pierce. These friends supplied Hawthorne with employment during the early years after graduation while Hawthorne was still establishing himself as a legitimate author. Hawthorne's first novel, Fanshawe, which he self-published in 1828, wasn't quite the success that he had hoped it would be. Not willing to give up, he began writing stories for Twice-Told Tales. These stories established Hawthorne as a leading writer. In 1842, Hawthorne moved to Concord, Massachusetts, where he wrote a number of tales, including "Rappaccini's Daughter" and "Young Goodman Brown," that were later published as Mosses from an Old Manse. The overall theme of Hawthorne's novels was a deep concern with ethical problems of sin, punishment, and atonement. No one novel demonstrated that more vividly than The Scarlet Letter. This tale about the adulterous Puritan Hester Prynne is regarded as Hawthorne's best work and is a classic of American literature. Other famous novels written by Hawthorne include The House of Seven Gables and The Blithedale Romance. In 1852, Hawthorne wrote a campaign biography of his college friend Franklin Pierce. After Pierce was elected as President of the United States, he rewarded Hawthorne with the Consulship at Liverpool, England. Hawthorne died in his sleep on May 19, 1864, while on a trip with Franklin Pierce. (Bowker Author Biography) mostra meno
Nota di disambiguazione:

(eng) Hawthorne added the 'w' to his last name out of guilt and shame due to the fact that his ancestor was Judge Hathorne at the famous Salem Witch Trials.

Fonte dell'immagine: from Wikipedia

Serie

Opere di Nathaniel Hawthorne

La lettera scarlatta (1850) — Autore — 36,176 copie
La casa dei sette abbaini (1851) 8,545 copie
Twice-Told Tales (1837) 1,744 copie
Il romanzo di Valgioiosa (1852) 1,652 copie
Tanglewood Tales (1853) — Autore — 1,334 copie
Hawthorne's Short Stories (1946) 455 copie
Selected Tales and Sketches (1987) 432 copie
A Wonder Book / Tanglewood Tales (1851) — Autore — 333 copie
The Portable Hawthorne (1948) 329 copie
Selected Tales and Sketches (1950) 297 copie
Young Goodman Brown (1993) — Autore — 251 copie
Rappaccini's Daughter (1844) 235 copie
The Great Stone Face (1889) 219 copie
The Scarlet Letter (1850) — Autore — 202 copie
Haunting Tales (1980) 136 copie
Venti giorni con Julian (2003) 118 copie
The Minister's Black Veil (1979) 107 copie
The Golden Touch (1934) 80 copie
The Birthmark (1968) 74 copie
The House of Seven Gables (2000) 68 copie
Classics Illustrated #06: The Scarlet Letter (1990) — Autore — 60 copie
Fanshawe (1828) 58 copie
The Celestial Railroad (1980) 57 copie
Our Old Home (1863) 47 copie
Doctor Grimshawe's Secret (1882) 46 copie
The Devil in Manuscript (1990) 38 copie
Racconti (1983) 25 copie
The American Notebooks (1972) 22 copie
Life of Franklin Pierce (1852) 21 copie
Three Complete Novels (1995) 19 copie
The Dolliver Romance (1977) 17 copie
The Three Golden Apples (1981) 17 copie
The Ambitious Guest (2013) — Autore — 15 copie
Great Classic Stories II: Eighteen Unabridged Classics (2010) — Collaboratore — 15 copie
Il palazzo di Circe (1995) 14 copie
The Golden Fleece (1936) 13 copie
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Tales (1978) 12 copie
The Minotaur (1979) 10 copie
The Christmas Banquet (2010) 10 copie
The Scarlet Letter [1979 TV mini series] (2003) — Autore — 10 copie
Stories (1978) 9 copie
Selected Tales (1982) 8 copie
Relatos de hombres lobos y otra (1997) — Collaboratore — 8 copie
Contes et récits (1996) 7 copie
Wakefield: Ethan Brand (2003) 7 copie
The Gentle Boy (2010) 7 copie
The Great Carbuncle (2017) 7 copie
Hawthorne (2015) 7 copie
David Swan [short story] (2014) 6 copie
The Man of Adamant (2012) 6 copie
Main-Street (2008) 6 copie
Le Hall de l'imagination (2006) 5 copie
From Twice Told Tales (2002) 5 copie
The Paradise of Children (2005) 5 copie
In colonial days, (2012) 5 copie
Sketches and Studies (2012) 5 copie
Contos Bizarros (2021) 5 copie
A Bell's Biography (2012) 5 copie
Unheimliche Erzählungen (2007) 5 copie
A Book of Autographs (2007) 5 copie
Twice-Told Tales. Vol 2 (2008) 4 copie
Sketches from Memory (2012) 4 copie
The Wedding-Knell (2013) 4 copie
Contes (1993) 4 copie
Opere scelte (1994) 4 copie
A Letra Encarnada (2009) 4 copie
A dama de branco (1991) 4 copie
A Select Party (2012) 3 copie
The Classic Gothic Horror Collection (2021) — Collaboratore — 3 copie
Rappaccini's Daughter [1980 film] (1980) — Autore — 3 copie
Wakerfield (1985) 3 copie
Sights from a steeple (2012) 3 copie
The Great Stone Face (1991) 3 copie
Mosses From An Old Manse (1898) 3 copie
An Old Woman's Tale (2012) 3 copie
Erzählungen (1977) 3 copie
Hawthornes Short Stories (1946) 3 copie
Tales of the White Hills (1889) 3 copie
Cuentos tenebrosos (1996) 2 copie
Gli eroi e l'avventura (1991) 2 copie
relats desconcertants (1985) 2 copie
The Pygmies (2014) 2 copie
The Dragon's Teeth (2016) 2 copie
The Pomegranate Seeds (2015) 2 copie
Poems (1967) 2 copie
The Hawthorne Collection (2008) 2 copie
Tales contes (1968) 2 copie
Contes étranges (2014) 2 copie
Tutti i racconti (2006) 2 copie
The Outsider 1 copia
Contos 1 copia
Rappaccini'nin Kizi (2016) 1 copia
LA LETRA ESCARLATA (1985) 1 copia
MISTERIOSOS 1 copia
Old Esther Dudley (1990) 1 copia
Europa e Pandora (2003) 1 copia
The Wayside 1 copia
Danevelloù (1988) 1 copia
La vergine dei veleni (1987) 1 copia
The Ancestral Footstep (2004) 1 copia
Romanzi 1 copia
Notes Of Travel - Vol II (2008) 1 copia
Pandora's Box (1952) 1 copia
Novelly 1 copia
Miti greci 2¦ ( I) — Autore — 1 copia
Miti greci 1¦ ( I) — Autore — 1 copia
A Dama Velada 1 copia
MITOS GREGOS 1 copia

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Etichette

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Informazioni generali

Nome legale
Hathorne, Nathaniel
Altri nomi
Boyce, Ashley A.
Oberon
Aubépine, M.
Data di nascita
1804-07-04
Data di morte
1864-05-19
Luogo di sepoltura
Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, Concord, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA
Sesso
male
Nazionalità
USA
Luogo di nascita
Salem, Massachusetts, USA
Luogo di morte
Plymouth, New Hampshire, USA
Luogo di residenza
Salem, Massachusetts, USA (birth)
Concord, Massachusetts, USA
Plymouth, New Hampshire, USA (death)
West Roxbury, Massachusetts, USA
Rock Ferry, England, UK
Brook Farm, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Istruzione
Bowdoin College (BA|1825)
Attività lavorative
weigher (Boston Common House)
surveyor (Salem Custom House)
writer
author
novelist
Relazioni
Hawthorne, Julian (son)
Lathrop, Rose Hawthorne (daughter)
Hawthorne, Hildegarde (granddaughter)
Hawthorne, Sophia Peabody (wife)
Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer (sister-in-law)
Melville, Herman (friend) (mostra tutto 12)
Pierce, Franklin (friend)
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Sr. (friend)
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth (friend)
Hillard, George Stillman (friend)
Bridge, Horatio (friend)
Alcott, Louisa May (student)
Organizzazioni
Phi Beta Kappa (1824)
Premi e riconoscimenti
The Hall of Fame for Great Americans (1900)
Breve biografia
Nathaniel Hawthorne (July 4, 1804 – May 19, 1864) was an American novelist, dark romantic, and short story writer. His works often focus on history, morality, and religion.

He was born in 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts, to Nathaniel Hathorne and the former Elizabeth Clarke Manning. His ancestors include John Hathorne, the only judge involved in the Salem witch trials who never repented of his actions. He entered Bowdoin College in 1821, was elected to Phi Beta Kappa in 1824, and graduated in 1825. He published his first work in 1828, the novel Fanshawe; he later tried to suppress it, feeling that it was not equal to the standard of his later work. He published several short stories in periodicals, which he collected in 1837 as Twice-Told Tales. The next year, he became engaged to Sophia Peabody. He worked at the Boston Custom House and joined Brook Farm, a transcendentalist community, before marrying Peabody in 1842. The couple moved to The Old Manse in Concord, Massachusetts, later moving to Salem, the Berkshires, then to The Wayside in Concord. The Scarlet Letter was published in 1850, followed by a succession of other novels. A political appointment as consul took Hawthorne and family to Europe before their return to Concord in 1860. Hawthorne died on May 19, 1864, and was survived by his wife and their three children.

Much of Hawthorne's writing centers on New England, many works featuring moral metaphors with an anti-Puritan inspiration. His fiction works are considered part of the Romantic movement and, more specifically, dark romanticism. His themes often center on the inherent evil and sin of humanity, and his works often have moral messages and deep psychological complexity. His published works include novels, short stories, and a biography of his college friend Franklin Pierce, the 14th President of the United States.
Nota di disambiguazione
Hawthorne added the 'w' to his last name out of guilt and shame due to the fact that his ancestor was Judge Hathorne at the famous Salem Witch Trials.

Utenti

Discussioni

THE DEEP ONES: "The Wedding-Knell" by Nathaniel Hawthorne in The Weird Tradition (Luglio 2021)
(M47'12) The House of the Seven Gables, Nathaniel Hawthorne in World Reading Circle (Ottobre 2012)
What if LOA mirrors another edition? in Library of America Subscribers (Aprile 2012)
The Scarlet Letter in Someone explain it to me... (Gennaio 2012)

Recensioni

Il concetto di peccato non fa proprio parte della mia mentalità né della mia educazione. Per questo ho dovuto fare uno sforzo intellettuale in più per capire questo libro, per immedesimarmi nei protagonisti e per comprendere il loro punto di vista sulla vicenda. Sì, perché La lettera scarlatta è un libro sul peccato, su come questo possa incidere sulla vita di coloro che lo commettono e su come le persone reagiscono di fronte al peccatore.

La protagonista, Hester Prynne è un'adultera e viene condannata a portare la lettera "A", scarlatta e ricamata da lei stessa, sul petto, in modo che il suo peccato, la sua vergogna siano evidenti a tutti. Ma Hester è una donna forte e mantiene intatta la sua dignità, riuscendo comunque a trovare il suo posto nell'ambiente puritano in cui vive. E, ironia della sorte, Hester diventa una ricamatrice provetta, tanto abile che nessun personaggio importante di Boston può fare a meno del suo talento.

Con il tempo, Hester vedrà ingrigire il suo aspetto insieme alla sua femminilità, che potrà manifestare solo nell'amore verso il prossimo e nell'agghindare la figlia avuta dal peccato in maniera sgargiante e fantasiosa. Tuttavia, se la manifestazione dei suoi desideri le è negata, non così si può dire dei suoi pensieri, che vagano liberi e in lidi che una donna "pura" non avrebbe neanche osato guardare. Nel suo cuore, infatti, serba la speranza che, almeno dopo la morte, lei e il suo amato potranno stare per sempre insieme. Hester Prynne, con la croce che ha scelto di portare alla luce di sole, di fatto libera se stessa dalla colpa, dal peccato.

Tutt'altro si deve dire dell'uomo che ha condiviso con lei il peccato, ma non la gogna. Timoroso delle ripercussioni sociali, ha scelto di serbare nel cuore questo segreto con tipica viltà mascherata da moralità. Solo che questo segreto diventa un cancro terribile che lo consuma, lo fiacca, lo rende l'ombra dell'uomo vigoroso che era un tempo. Solo alla fine troverà il coraggio di confessare il suo peccato e di salire con Hester sul palco che anni addietro non ebbe il coraggio di calcare.

Poi abbiamo il personaggio che Hawthorne ci presenta come nemico, molto peggio di chi non ha confessato subito il proprio peccato. Chillingworth è il marito tradito che ha come unico scopo quello di scoprire il rivale e vendicarsi di lui. D'aspetto deforme (e di una deformità che indica una preminenza della ragione sul cuore), non ammette misericordia e perdono, che l'autore ritiene fondamentali e dimenticati troppo spesso dai puritani.

Infatti, alla fine, è questo che l'autore chiede ai religiosi più intransigenti. Laddove c'è peccato deve esserci anche misericordia. Altrimenti si scade nella vendetta e la vendetta non è altro che opera del Maligno (e chi è infatti l'unico che muore solo, dimenticato da tutti? Colui che è senza misericordia).
… (altro)
 
Segnalato
lasiepedimore | 370 altre recensioni | Aug 1, 2023 |
Amore e odio, spiritualità e carnalità: tutti questi conflitti si intrecciano nell'animo dei personaggi, in un tumulto di passioni che non da loro requie.
Questo è il fulcro del romanzo, anche perchè la trama vera e propria è inconsistente: nella Boston puritana del '600 la bella Hester Prynne viene bollata come adultera e costretta a portare sul petto un'infamante A scarlatta. Da qui comincerà il lungo calvario non solo di Hester, ma di tutti coloro che sono stati toccati dall'ombra del suo peccato. E' un romanzo estremamente introspettivo, in cui i personaggi hanno una convulsa vita interiore, mentre esteriormente tutto scorre placido e sempre uguale. La struttura dell'opera è quasi teatrale, infatti consiste in un susseguirsi di scene drammatiche ed intensamente simboliche. La sensibilità morbosa che caratterizza il romanzo si trasmette anche allo stile, che (nonostante sia un po' troppo ampolloso) sembra quasi ardere al fuoco delle passioni, sia terrene che spirituali, che animano i protagonisti; passioni con le quali un lettore moderno fa però fatica ad identificarsi, rimanendo piuttosto distaccato. Peccato anche per un prologo un po' troppo lungo e privo di mordente, che poco si addice all'impetuosità dei capitoli successivi.
Un libro di spessore, che più che narrare una storia scandaglia negli abissi dell'animo umano.
… (altro)
½
 
Segnalato
Lilirose_ | 370 altre recensioni | Nov 14, 2017 |
Certo, è difficile trovare "attuale" la vicenda, lontana sia nel luogo che nel tempo e quindi sociologicamente lontanissima dall'Europa di oggi. Se poi ci si mette anche la traduzione datata ("tosto" nel senso di "subito", "ornarsi")... peccato perché i personaggi sono tutti di notevole potenza e vividezza - "escono" dal romanzo.
 
Segnalato
marcel.bergeret | 370 altre recensioni | Jan 1, 2013 |

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Romans (1)
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Statistiche

Opere
797
Opere correlate
218
Utenti
68,158
Popolarità
#197
Voto
½ 3.5
Recensioni
740
ISBN
3,396
Lingue
30
Preferito da
154

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